Total loss may approach twenty percent during the life of a flock. For some of the most severe diseases and health afflictions, vaccines, antibiotics and other treatments may be required. The intestines may be thickened and inflamed and may contain excess mucus and areas of hemorrhage. Body excreta of diseased birds that contaminate soil, water, feed, etc., Keep the incubator clean and disinfected, The organism is common in nature and is widely dispersed in soils. Clinically affected birds invariably die. Although, there are a number of common poultry diseases amongst these birds, let's take a look at particular diseases that affect different poultry. Newcastle disease is a contagious viral infection causing a respiratory nervous disorder in several species of fowl including chickens and turkeys. Supportive measures such as increasing heat, ventilation and water consumption are beneficial. Fowlpox disease. Larvae usually attach to the wings, breasts and necks of poultry. Recovery of a large percentage of the affected birds would substantiate diagnosis. It is important because it is one of the agents that may be isolated from birds with respiratory symptoms and is difficult to separate from other agents such as infectious bronchitis virus. In the acute septicemic form, mortality may begin suddenly and progress rapidly. Use of the vaccine requires strict accordance with manufacturer's recommendations in a sterile environment. Acute Marek's disease can be extremely rapid in its course, producing mortality in apparently healthy birds. Some birds may have a slight watery nasal discharge. Decaying carcasses are a frequent source of the toxin, as are many insects feeding in the same tissue. Pasteurella apparently enters tissues of the mouth and upper respiratory tract. A marked variation exists between different strains in their ability to cause disease. The virus is not thought to travel any great distance by this method. Following embryonation that takes six to eight days, the eggs are infective to any other poultry that may eat them. Carrier birds (apparently healthy birds shed the disease organisms), It is a blood-sucker, and when present in large numbers, loss of blood and irritation may be sufficient to cause anemia. Reduced growth, egg production and fertility may result from heavy infections. Infectious coryza is a specific respiratory disease in chickens that occurs most often in semi-mature or adult birds. Chickens of three to four months of age show resistance to infection. This louse is oblong, grayish and about 1/10-inch long. The treatment of CRD, air sac syndrome and the lower form of infectious sinusitis is not considered satisfactory. The Shaft Louse or small body louse (Menopon gallinae) is similar in appearance to the body louse, but smaller. Other fowl or laboratory animals cannot be infected with this virus. Ticks have been kept alive without food for more than three years. Adding a level teaspoonful of Epsom salts in one ounce of water and placing in the crops of sick birds has been beneficial in many instances. Significant lesions are not usually observed in affected birds. It is most often found in highly concentrated poultry producing areas. But many chickens who suffer from this illness will show signs like disinterest in food and water, diarrhea, swollen wattles and combs, swollen joints, difficulty walking, lethargy and stupor. The toxin is one of the most potent discovered by scientists. The vaccine is given when birds are approximately seven days, again at about four weeks and a third time at about four months of age. The disease is initially contracted through the consumption of a parasitical single-cell organism or oocyst, that is spread via spores. In fact, the head of the louse often is found so close to the skin that poultrymen may think it is attached to the skin or is sucking blood. 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